National Park in Assam : Exploring the Breathtaking Wilderness

National Park in Assam : Welcome to the enchanting world of Assam’s National Parks, where nature unfolds its awe-inspiring beauty in all its glory. Nestled in the northeastern region of India, Assam boasts an incredible diversity of flora and fauna, making it a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, and adventure seekers. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the captivating wonders of the National Park in Assam , celebrating their unique features, wildlife, and conservation efforts.

The Rich Biodiversity of Assam

Assam is blessed with an incredibly rich and diverse ecosystem that supports a plethora of plant and animal species. The state’s unique geographical location and climatic conditions create a perfect environment for various habitats, ranging from lush rainforests and dense grasslands to marshy wetlands and tranquil rivers. This diverse landscape provides a sanctuary for an array of wildlife, some of which are exclusive to this region.

National Park in Assam :

There are 7 national parks in Assam, India. They are:

1. Kaziranga National Park

The Land of the One-Horned Rhinoceros

Kaziranga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, stands as a symbol of successful conservation efforts in India. It is renowned for being the habitat of the majestic one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), which is an iconic and endangered species. Apart from the rhinoceros, Kaziranga is home to a myriad of other wildlife, including Asiatic elephants, wild water buffalo, Bengal tigers, and a plethora of bird species.

Safari Adventures and Wildlife Encounters

Visitors to Kaziranga National Park can embark on thrilling jeep and elephant safaris that allow them to get up close and personal with the region’s incredible biodiversity. The park’s vast grasslands and marshes make it an excellent destination for wildlife spotting, and if you’re lucky, you might catch a glimpse of a stealthy tiger or a herd of elephants bathing in the water bodies.

Conservation Efforts

Kaziranga’s success story in protecting the one-horned rhinoceros is a testament to India’s dedication to wildlife preservation. The park authorities, along with various conservation organizations, have been actively involved in anti-poaching measures and habitat restoration, ensuring the survival of this magnificent species for future generations.

2. Manas National Park

A Wilderness of Pristine Beauty

Manas National Park, a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site and a Project Tiger Reserve, is a true gem nestled in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas. The park’s landscape is a mesmerizing blend of grasslands, woodlands, and riverine habitats, offering a picturesque canvas for nature enthusiasts.

The Endangered Bengal Tigers

One of the park’s prized possessions is the royal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), a majestic predator that roams freely in its natural habitat. However, due to extensive poaching and habitat loss, the tiger population faced a severe decline. Thanks to robust conservation measures, the numbers are gradually showing signs of recovery.

national parks in assam

Beyond Tigers: A Diverse Wildlife Haven

Apart from the Bengal tiger, Manas National Park is home to various other endangered and rare species, such as the pygmy hog, Indian rhinoceros, and golden langur. The park’s avifauna is equally impressive, with over 450 bird species recorded, making it a paradise for birdwatchers.

A Melting Pot of Cultures

Manas National Park is not only renowned for its wildlife but also for its cultural significance. It is located on the international border with Bhutan and harbors several indigenous communities that have coexisted with nature for centuries. Their traditional practices and beliefs add to the park’s allure, making it a unique experience for visitors.

3. Nameri National Park

An Unspoiled Natural Sanctuary

Nameri National Park, nestled at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, is a lesser-known gem that offers a tranquil retreat for nature enthusiasts. The park’s undisturbed forests, river Jia Bhoroli, and the snow-capped peaks of Arunachal Pradesh in the backdrop create a serene and picturesque setting.

An Avian Paradise

Birdwatchers will be delighted by Nameri’s diverse avifauna, with more than 370 species of birds recorded. The critically endangered white-winged wood duck is a highlight among the feathered inhabitants of the park. It also attracts migratory birds during the winter months, making it a delightful destination for birdwatching.

River Rafting and Adventure

Apart from its wildlife, Nameri offers a unique experience of river rafting in the Jia Bhoroli River. The thrilling adventure of rafting amidst the pristine wilderness adds an extra layer of excitement to your visit.

Responsible Ecotourism

Nameri National Park focuses on responsible ecotourism, ensuring that the natural environment and wildlife are not disturbed. It promotes awareness among visitors and involves local communities in the conservation efforts, fostering a harmonious relationship between humans and nature.

4. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

A Wetland Wonderland

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, located in the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River, is a unique wetland ecosystem that houses a diverse range of flora and fauna. The park’s lush grasslands, wetlands, and tectonic lakes create an exceptional habitat for various wildlife species.

The Feral Horses of Dibru-Saikhowa

One of the park’s intriguing attractions is the population of feral horses known as “feral ponies.” These horses are believed to have descended from domestic horses left by the British during colonial times. Observing these untamed equines in their natural habitat is a sight to behold.

River Island and Dolphin Sightings

Dibru-Saikhowa is also famous for its river islands, known as “saporis,” which emerge and vanish with the changing course of the river. The Brahmaputra River is also home to the endangered Gangetic River Dolphins, and visitors can witness these graceful creatures during boat safaris.

A Haven for Birdwatchers

The park is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 500 species of birds recorded. Birdwatching enthusiasts can spot numerous migratory and resident avian species, making it a haven for ornithologists and photographers alike.

5. Orang National Park and Tiger Reserve

There are currently an estimated 21 tigers in Orang National Park, which is located in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam, India. The park covers an area of 492 square kilometers, including 79 square kilometers of core area. Orang is one of the four tiger reserves in Assam, and it is home to a number of other endangered species, including the Indian rhinoceros, the pygmy hog, and the wild water buffalo.

The tiger population in Orang has been increasing in recent years, thanks to conservation efforts by the Assam Forest Department and other organizations. However, the park is still facing a number of challenges, including human-wildlife conflict, poaching, and habitat loss.

6. Dehing Patkai National Park

Dehing Patkai National Park can be found in the districts of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia, situated in the state of Assam, India. It covers an area of 231.65 square kilometers (89.44 square miles) and is the largest lowland rainforest in India. The park is home to a variety of wildlife, including elephants, tigers, rhinos, leopards, gaurs, sambars, and a number of bird species.

7. Raimona National Park

Raimona National Park is located in the western part of Assam. It is home to a variety of animals, including tigers, elephants, rhinoceroses, and gaurs. The park is also home to a number of birds, including the great hornbill and the white-winged wood duck.

Conclusion : National Park in Assam

The National Park in Assam are a testament to India’s commitment to conserving its unique biodiversity and natural heritage. From the iconic one-horned rhinoceros in Kaziranga to the elusive Bengal tigers in Manas, these parks offer unforgettable experiences for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.


How many national park in assam ?

7 National Park in Assam.

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