Exploring the Legacy of Gopinath Bordoloi: Assam’s First Chief Minister

Gopinath Bordoloi

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on Gopinath Bordoloi, popularly known as Lokpriya (beloved of the people), a visionary leader and the first Chief Minister of Assam. In this article, we delve into the life, achievements, and contributions of this eminent personality who played a pivotal role in shaping Assam’s political landscape. Join us as we navigate through his remarkable journey and unravel the significance of his leadership.

Early Life and Education

Gopinath Bordoloi was born on 6th June 1890 in Raha, Nagaon district of Assam. Hailing from a humble background, Bordoloi displayed exceptional academic prowess from an early age. He completed his education at Cotton College and later pursued a degree in law from the University Law College in Calcutta.

Here is an AI generated image of Gopinath Bordoloi in his late 20’s :

Gopinath Bordoloi : First CM of Assam

Political Career

Bordoloi’s political career took off when he joined the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1911. He actively participated in the Indian independence movement and played a crucial role in the non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. Bordoloi’s dedication and unwavering commitment to the cause made him a prominent figure within the party.

Contribution to Assam

Gopinath Bordoloi’s tenure as the Chief Minister of Assam, from 1946 to 1950, marked a turning point in the state’s history. He focused on various key aspects of governance and played a pivotal role in the development and upliftment of the region. Let’s explore some of his notable contributions:

Socio-Economic Reforms

Bordoloi prioritized socio-economic reforms to address the challenges faced by the people of Assam. He implemented measures to improve education, healthcare, and infrastructure, with a special emphasis on rural development. His efforts led to the establishment of numerous schools, hospitals, and roads, improving the quality of life for Assam’s citizens.

Preservation of Culture and Identity

Recognizing the cultural diversity of Assam, Bordoloi made significant efforts to preserve and promote the region’s rich heritage. He championed the cause of Assamese literature, art, and music, supporting local artists and ensuring their recognition at a national level. His initiatives laid the foundation for the preservation of Assam’s cultural identity.

Advocate for Peace and Harmony

During a time of social and political unrest, Gopinath Bordoloi advocated for peace and communal harmony. He played a crucial role in managing the aftermath of the Partition of India, ensuring the safe migration and resettlement of displaced people. His tireless efforts in maintaining social cohesion earned him immense respect and admiration.

Legacy and Recognition

Gopinath Bordoloi’s contributions have left an indelible mark on Assam’s history. His unwavering dedication to public service and his relentless pursuit of social welfare have been widely acknowledged. In recognition of his exemplary leadership, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, in 1999.

Guwahati airport is named after Gopinath Bordoloi

The airport was originally named Borjhar Airport, but it was renamed in 1997 to honour Gopinath Bordoloi’s contributions to the state. The new name, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, reflects the airport’s status as a major international gateway for Assam and the northeast region of India.


In conclusion, Gopinath Bordoloi’s role as Assam’s first Chief Minister was instrumental in shaping the state’s progress and development. His visionary leadership, coupled with his commitment to social welfare, has left an enduring legacy. Assam owes a debt of gratitude to this remarkable statesman whose contributions continue to inspire generations.

Gopinath Bordoloi died on 2 February 1950. He is considered to be one of the most important figures in the history of Assam.

Hope you like the article, leave a comment, Thank you.

For more articles visit us @Assam Story

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Follow by Email